Monday, May 25, 2020

How to Use Extra Credit Effectively

The use of extra credit can be an effective teaching and learning tool in any content area classroom, but only if the extra credit is used in the correct manner. Generally, extra credit is offered to those students who want to bring up a GPA. Poor performance on a heavily weighted test or a paper or a project may have dropped a students overall grade. The opportunity for extra credit may be a motivational tool or a way to correct a misjudgment or miscommunication.  However,  if used incorrectly or inequitably, extra credit can also be a point of contention and a headache for the teacher.  Therefore, a teacher should take time to look at an offer for extra credit critically and consider the implications it may have for grading and assessment.   Pros of Using Extra Credit An extra credit assignment may provide students with an incentive to go above and beyond the class material. If it is used to enhance lessons, the offer for extra credit can help deepen the learning for students. It can also help struggling students by providing them with additional learning opportunities while allowing them a means to increase their grade. The extra credit may mirror the original assignment, be an alternative test, paper or project. There may be a section of an assessment that can be taken again or the student may suggest an alternative assignment.   Extra credit may also be in the form of revision. The process of revision, especially in writing assignments, can be used as a way to teach students to reflect on their progress and abilities in writing and take steps to strengthen it. Revision may serve to establish conferences to receive highly beneficial one-on-one attention. Rather than design new extra credit opportunities, a teacher should consider how he or she can reinforce the skills to improve student performance on a previously graded assignment.   Another method for extra credit is to give students a bonus question(s) on a quiz or test. There may be an option to answer an additional essay question or solve an additional word problem.   If extra credit is allowed, teachers may adopt the kinds of the assignments that are voluntary extra credit must still be assessed just as rigorously as the assessments for regular coursework. Perhaps there are extra credit opportunities that allow students to try extended activities such as inquiry projects based on  questions, problems, or scenarios. Students may choose to volunteer in the school community or in the community at large. By allowing the student the opportunity to choose how they will earn extra credit points could be a way to give them control over their academic achievement. After checking school policy, if you wish to offer extra credit in your class, you will need to make sure of the following: Do connect your extra credit to other lessons in class or to classroom pertinent current events.Do provide the same extra credit opportunities to all students.Do consider your grading time when assigning extra credit.Do make extra credit assignments interesting and pertinent for students.Do tell your students when you assign extra credit how much it will be worth and how you will grade it.Do make sure that you are not outweighing your required assignments with points for extra credit.Do set a clear deadline for when extra credit is due. Cons of Using Extra Credit On the other hand, too many opportunities for extra credit in a course could result in an  imbalance in grading. Extra credit assignments could outweigh the required assignments, and the result could mean that a student would pass a course without meeting all the standards.  Extra credit that is graded for a â€Å"completion† grade can skew an overall grade. In the same vein, some educators believe that extra credit reduces the importance of curriculum assessments by providing students with a way to circumvent the curriculum. These students could avoid  requirements by still have the ability to increase their grade. Moreover, an extra credit assignment could boost a GPA, but obscure a students actual academic ability. There are also some schools that have a no extra credit rule in their policy handbook. There are some districts that want to eliminate the extra work a teacher has to do after assigning extra credit. Some general rules to consider are: Do not create extra credit assignments that are unconnected to your curriculum or standards.Do not grade each students extra credit using different standards.Do not create so much extra credit that students are able to pass without completing the required work.Do not make spur of the moment extra credit opportunities that are not equally available to all students.Do not allow busy work like copying from a book to be extra creditDo not allow students to turn in late extra credit as this is just an accounting nightmare.Do not create extra credit assignments that the educational value is not equivalent to the student or teacher effort involved.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The War On African Americans - 2176 Words

The War on African Americans The oppression of African Americans is a part of the foundation that the United States was built upon. From the time of the Jim Crow laws that mandated the separation of whites and African Americans, to the present day where many institutions make decisions based on race, marginalization of African Americans has been ingrained into society. The Jim Crow laws claimed to make everyone equal, but instead it legally separated whites and African Americans by having establishments for whites only and establishments for African Americans only. Although there are not laws enforcing African Americans to be treated differently from the majority group anymore, African Americans have been continuously marginalized even after abolishing the Jim Crow Laws with the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Jim Crow Laws were legalized in 1896 after the Plessy v. Ferguson case and were operated mostly in the Southern states. Plessy v. Ferguson the primary case that led the way for t he continuation of oppressing African Americans. The Jim Crow laws were made to separate African Americans from the white majority and make sure they were treated the same as the whites. Instead of making everyone equal, it was a way to continue oppressing African Americans after the end of slavery. This shows that at the time, the white majority still wanted to marginalize African Americans; in order to do so, they developed the Jim Crow Laws. As stated earlier, these new laws were supposedShow MoreRelatedAfrican Americans And The Civil War1076 Words   |  5 Pages Throughout history African Americans have had is bad in the United States. First they went through slavery which lasted about two hundred year and was ended around the Civil War which was in the 1860s-1870s. Next after they went through slavery they went through the law of Jim Crow that started after the Civil War which stated, â€Å"Separate but Equal†, and that was not the case because African Americans were s till treated as second class citizens. After about ninety years around the 1960s Dr. MartinRead MoreThe War Of Equality For The African American1400 Words   |  6 PagesThe war of equality for the African American was fought on many battlefields. Whether on American soil or the trenches of other countries, black men and women gave their every breath to be known as equal human beings. The white man of the south, on the other hand, rich or poor and uneducated alike wanted to insinuate their faà §ade of superiority and hold the black community to their haven of slavery. Being put through unimaginable trials such as lynching, Jim crow laws, sharecropping did not stopRead MoreAfrican Americans and the Civil War774 Words   |  4 PagesEssay African Americans and the Civil War Slavery affected many of the political reasons that contributed to causing the Civil War in 1961. Most in the Northern states including President Lincoln were more concerned with preserving the Union rather than fighting for the freedom of all. On the other hand the South fought to preserve what they believed to be absolute state rights. However the overall goals of the war were altered significantly by the willingness of African Americans during war. ThisRead MoreAfrican American And The Civil War876 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1865, when the civil war ended in America and slavery was abolished, the African American population in the South faced many challenges related to their new found freedom. Following the post-Civil War Reconstruction period, white supremacy resurfaced in the South (AE Television, 2015). Beginning in the early 1900s through 1970 there was a mass exodus of African American s from South to North America. Although some African American s were known to have moved f rom the South as early as 1850Read MoreAfrican Americans And The Civil War1309 Words   |  6 PagesIn the summer of 1619, the first Africans were brought to Jamestown, Virginia not to live as free settlers but as subordinate slaves. They worked strenuously for Whites, who considered themselves superior to Africans, without much benefit. Racism is not just the belief that one race is superior to others, but the act of negatively identifying individuals based on the color of their skin. Attributing race to individual character has proven to have negative implications that are difficult to mend.Read MoreThe Civil War Of African Americans1010 Words   |  5 Pagescentury. For an African American, the word â€Å"life† evolved from a word that meant absolutely nothing, to a word that stood for an individual’s highest commodity. After the civil war, emancipation for slaves transformed from a dream to a reality. Although the civil war finally ended in 1865 after four years of fighting, certain citizens and groups across the nation still remained in a state if disagreement with the freedom granted to African Americans. The years after the civil war revolutionizedRead MoreAfrican Americans And The Civil War1449 Words   |  6 PagesWhen the Civil War began, they wanted to take part in fighting to free all slaves. At the end of the civil war passed the civil rights act that gave citizenship to people that are born in the united states, years later African American men were given the right to vote. This might give equal rights but African Americans are still being discriminated. Almost century later, African Americans are still being discriminated. They got jobs and their kids go to school, but more notice that it wasn t rightRead MoreThe Civil War On African Americans Essay1421 Words   |  6 PagesThe years preceding the Civil War were monstrous for African Americans located in the South of the country. Northerners and Southerners would argue that their visions of how society is structured is the right way and should be expanded throughout the nation. Southerners claimed that slavery is okay, and it’s a positive labor system. On the contrary, Northerners claim that laborers should be paid by wage, men should have equal opportunities, and slaves should gain freedom. The four most significantRead MoreAfrican Americans During The War1314 Words   |  6 PagesIn World War One the role that African-Americans had in the war served as a way to show that they are equal citizens and deserved to be treated like anyone else. Even with a country rejecting th e blacks they still sought to bleed and risk their lives. The racism that was present during the war was so great and many African-American war efforts were diminished and twisted by whites. Even after all of this blacks were still eager to enlist in war and prove themselves worthy of serving. One may thinkRead MoreAfrican Americans And The Civil War1540 Words   |  7 Pageshistorical backdrop of the United States, African Americans have dependable been victimized. When Africans first came to America, they had no choice but to be slaves. The progressed toward becoming slaves to the rich, covetous, lethargic Americans. African Americans had given no compensation and regularly whipped and beaten. They battled for their opportunity, yet when the Civil War came African Americans had this logic that if they were to join the Civil War they could liberate all slaves. However

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Definition Of Leadership And Leadership - 2173 Words

Definition of leadership Leadership is defined as the art of getting people to do what they may not want to do on their own. It may involve getting people do things that seem to be against their own self-interest and a leader uses various tools to achieve their goals. Yet another definition of leadership is from the US Army, for over two hundred years the US Army has produced leaders who have led its organization and later gone on to become President of the United States. They continue to produce leaders for the nation and define leadership as â€Å"influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation, while operating to accomplish the mission and improve the organization.† (US Army) A more refined definition of leadership is offered by B. Wintson and K. Patterson, â€Å"The leader throughout each leader-follower-audience interaction demonstrates his/her commitment to the values of (a) humility, (b) concern for others, (c) controlled discipline, (d) seeking what is right and good for the organization, (e) showing mercy in beliefs and actions with all people, (f) focusing on the purpose of the organization and on the well-being of the followers, and (g) creating and sustaining peace in the organization–not a lack of conflict but a place where peace grows.† (Winston and Patterson, 2006) For our uses in this paper we will use a combination of definition of leadership is the art of influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation, while accomplishingShow MoreRelatedDefinition And Definition Of Leadership1426 Words   |  6 PagesIn chapter one, the concept and definition of leadership was introduced and according to the text, more than one hundred definitions of leadership have been identified by scholars and academic studies. What is clear is that leadership requires certain skills and traits of an individual that give them the ability to influence others in a way that motivates them to work toward and accomplish a common objecti ve and goal effectively. While most traits seem to be somewhat inborn and natural to mostRead MoreLeadership Definitions Of Leadership As A Leader1224 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"what is leadership?†. Many people question what this term means as it is a fundamental skill which is required in the workforce (Avery, 2004). Leadership definitions have been approached in various ways with many authors relating to the nature of leadership rather than distinctively defining the term itself (Antonakis, Cianciolo, Sternberg, 2004 cited in Northouse, 2014). Many factors contribute to the meaning of leadership; behaviours, influences and theories all add to the definition of leadershipRead MoreThe Definition Of Leadership And The Importance Of Leadership875 Words   |  4 PagesLeadership Reflection Essay The purpose of this essay is to ruminate on the definition of leadership and the importance of leadership in an organization. The commitment to lead, guide, and inspire other people has an impact on the organization, but, what is leadership? Leadership can be defined and applied in various ways. A leader must have a vision which guides the team to succeed in meeting a goal. A leader must be flexible to adjust to the different variables and treat each individual usingRead MoreDefinition Of Effective Leadership And Leadership1487 Words   |  6 Pagesto say in regards to leadership and those in positions of leadership. The Bible tells us that leaders are to lead with integrity and values that govern the heart. â€Å"So he shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart, and guided them with skillful hands.† (Psalm 78:72 NKJV) Unfortunately, that is not the practice of many in leadership, often leaders operate with a public set of values that differs from that of the ir private life. The definition of effective leadership has changed from characterRead MoreLeadership Influences And Definition Of Leadership858 Words   |  4 PagesLeadership Influences and Definition of Leadership – Without our people, we would have empty offices, useless aircraft, and vessels tied to piers. Without leadership, we would have people without purpose – people with no direction or mission to perform. Up until I was at my third unit, had nearly ten years in the Coast Guard, and had been a First Class Boatswain’s Mate for almost six years, I cannot recall being subject to any positive leadership experiences. The units and operational community thatRead MoreDifferent Definitions Of Leadership And Leadership1503 Words   |  7 PagesLeadership: Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individual to achieve a common goal (pp5). However, there are many different definitions of leadership as there are people who have tried to define it because the word can have different meaning for different people. Leadership is similar to the management in many ways because they both involve influence, concerned with effective goal and work with people. Leadership helps to produce change and movement by establishingRead MoreDefinition Of Leadership And Leadership Theories1474 Words   |  6 Pages1:-Sum up the Leadership Theories:- Definition of leadership leader , shows great influence and bonding with its theories. It is an ability of leader how he influence a group towards the achievement of a vision or set of goals. Leadership is also about coping with change. Leaders set a direction for future by making a vision of the future. Then guide people by easy mode of communication with this vision inspire them to rule out the problems. There are eight main leadership theories are existRead MoreLeadership Definition830 Words   |  4 Pagesdefine leadership? (250 words maximum) There are several ways to define leadership. A process that influences other people to achieve an objective and guides the company or community in a way to make it more coherent and cohesive is called leadership. We can also define leadership as a process of leading people in the right direction in order to achieve goals. Leaders apply leadership attributes such as values, knowledge and skills to implement this process in any organization. Leadership ensuresRead MoreDefinition of Leadership544 Words   |  2 PagesA reflection paper Leadership can be defined as a process where one individual influences one or more individuals to work towards a common goal (Northouse, 2009). I am passionate about leadership and this is what I currently do. I am an active duty professional with more than 33 years experience in the military. I have trained, cared for, motivated and led about 7,000 soldiers in various operations during my active duty years. My aim is to ensure that all the soldiers under my command are equippedRead MoreThe Definition Of Effective Leadership1520 Words   |  7 PagesDefinition of effective leadership Most historians rank George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, and Theodore Roosevelt as America’s finest leaders. Agreement on their quality is so strong, in fact, that in the 1920s, their likenesses were immortalized on Mount Rushmore, which has since become an iconic symbol of great leadership. On the other end of the spectrum, Warren G. Harding, Pierce, James Buchanan, and George W. Bush are ranked as among our worst leaders. Herbert Hoover, John

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Dead Poets Society Summary and Context Essay Example For Students

Dead Poets Society Summary and Context Essay The Walton Academy Is founded on the values of tradition and excellence, and Is fixed on providing students with a strict, structured lesson curriculum set by the realist administration. With every new semester, many sons are left in the hands of Walton Academy, in hopes that they become doctors and lawyers. However, when a Walton alumnus returns as an English teachers, he brings with him the passion for romanticism, widening the horizons of his students. The story is mainly viewed through the eyes of Todd Anderson and his roommate Neil Perry. Todd is an overly unconscious and shy character who is constantly afraid of not living up to the expectations that the people around him have, given that his brother was a former valedictorian. Nell on the other hand, Is ambitious and outgoing, but Is always suppressed by his predominant father, who dictates how Nils life should be run. The new English teacher John Keating begins his teachings with a fervent lecture on their imminent deaths, explaining to the students that their lives are fleeting so they should seize the day to make their lives count, to leave a legacy of carper diem. He continues his teaching by instructing the class to rip out the pages of their books which describe a scientific way to determine the greatness of poetry. He teaches them the works of the romantic poets such as Thoreau and Lord Byron and employs outdoor exercises to warn them of the dangers of conformity and the power of sports as a way which human beings push each other to excel. Amidst these eccentric activities, the students, intrigued with their new teacher, learn that he was a member of the Dead Poets Society. When asked, Keating describes glorious moments of creating gods, but warns them to forget about the idea. Nevertheless, they repeatedly sneak off campus to convene their own version of the Dead Poets society. Todd Is allowed to attend as an exception: since he does not want to read aloud, he keeps minutes of the meetings. Throughout these meetings, each character is able to develop his own romantic or realist nature. The shocking clash between realism and romanticism begins to unfold when Charlie Dalton prints an obnoxious article In the school news in the name of the Dead Poets. The administration is appalled and begins an investigation. Meanwhile, fall madly in love with a girl who is practically engaged to the son of his parents friends. He pursues her relentlessly, driven by romantic Ideals, In the face of the threats on his life by her boyfriend. Nell realizes that his real passion in life is acting and proceeds to land the role of Puck in a Midsummer Nights Dream at the local theater. He begins to weave a tangled web of deception by failing to inform his father, then lying to Mr.. Keating when his father finds out and demands he quit the play. Feeling trapped, after his final performance and a standing ovation, he takes his own life. Ultimately, the administration links his death to the Dead Poets Society, and pushes the blame towards Mr.. Keating for reviving the past. Each student is then forced to sign a document blaming Mr.. Keating for Nils death, which leads to him being fired from his Job. In one final scene, displaying the beauty of a balance between the two Ideals, Todd Is able to cry UT to Mr.. Keating, who stopped by the class to collect his belongings, O Captain, my 1 OFF climbing to the top of his desk to salute his fallen teacher, who changed his life. .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 , .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .postImageUrl , .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 , .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4:hover , .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4:visited , .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4:active { border:0!important; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4:active , .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4 .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u9a321a8227aa77c23d4232f98cd6c0a4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Poetry comparison between 'Long Distance' and 'The Sick Equation' EssayContext Dead Poets Society was set in the conservative and aristocratic Walton Academy, Vermont 1959. Although the film and book were both set in the 20th century, the main focus of the story centre around two 19th century values/movements, namely the realist and the romantic. These two themes are the essential components that bind the story together. Both themes are crucial to the story as much of the storyline, literary and film devices and implemented in order to better complement and bring out the essence of the two themes. Hence, when analyzing the differences between the book and the film, it is important to note how each feature in each respective avenue brings the themes across. At various instances, the portrayal of realism and romanticism can be subtle, but can also be extremely blatant. When attempting the comparative analysis of the book and film, it is necessary to always consider the eating and themes of the story in order to better understand the different components and their workings within the book and film. The definitions of realism and romanticism help set a clearer, stronger grounding for the analysis. Realism (Britannica Online): Realism rejects imaginative idealization in favor of a close observation of outward appearances. Realism Usually stemmed either from artists desire to present more honest, searching, and initialized views of everyday life or from their attempts to use art as a vehicle for social and political eroticism. Realisms emphasis on detachment, objectivity, and accurate observation, its lucid but restrained criticism of social environment and mores, and the humane understanding that underlay its moral Judgments Romanticism (Britannica Online): Romanticism emphasized the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the imaginative, the personal, the spontaneous, the emotional, the visionary, and the transcendental. was marked by emphasis on originality and individuality, personal emotional expression, and freedom and experimentation of form.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

Life Hardships Make You Stronger free essay sample

Life Hardships Makes Us Stronger What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger So why when faced against adversity we try to find easy way out When obstcales trials amp; tribulations are faced among us we should be praising God cause we might be facing something now but on the other side it will be brighter amp; greater You see everybody struggles from time to time you see we all come to a point in our life when we get down amp; think that its all over but its about having the will power to overcome what man has put infront of us an say that I am a overcomer by the power of god amp; I can do all things through Christ who strengthened me) But it is after we endure so much during our hardtime that we come out stronger and better as a person You see life is going to throw us all kinds of twist amp; turns We have no right to ask when sorrow comes, Why did this happen to me? unless we ask the same question for every moment of happiness that comes our way. We will write a custom essay sample on Life Hardships Make You Stronger or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page If you dont like something change it; if you cant change it, change the way you think about it. When life gives you a hundred reasons to cry, show life that you have a thousand reasons to smile. You see god brings us into deep waters not to drown us but to cleanse us You see each difficult time in life has a moment to open your eyes and mind to something far greater As we strive to make it through difficult times, hearing the wisdom of those who have struggled, questioned and dreamed before us can make the journey easier. Strength does not come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths. When you go through hardships and decide not to surrender, that is strength. † Lifes up and downs provide windows of opportunity to determine your values and goals. Think of using all obstacles as stepping stones to build the life you want.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Sabah Issue Essay Example

Sabah Issue Essay Example Sabah Issue Essay Sabah Issue Essay The armed intrusion into Sabah by Sulu terrorists is a blow to the progress of the BIMP-EAGA (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines-East Asean Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA), says BIMP-EAGA Malaysia Business Council chairman Datuk Roselan Johar Mohamed. Expressing profound dismay over the incident, he called on BIMP-EAGA member countries to go back to the original status quo, focusing more on accelerating economic development in the four countries in a safe and conducive manner. Quoting the age-old saying we cannot negotiate if you are pointing a gun at me, Roselan said that it was true in the context of the sub-regional grouping, which was launched in 1994. We must all retract and go back to the drawing board, rethink and revisit our strategy and go back to the negotiating table, he told Bernama. Roselan was commenting on the recent statement by Former Philippines’ President Fidel Ramos with regard to the standoff in Lahad Datu in the east coast of Sabah, that the BIMP-EAGA should be revived by the countries concerned as the grouping was the key to improve the people’s conditions in south Philippines, Borneo Island and adjacent areas. The BIMP-EAGA is the win-win strategy if we are looking from the perspective of a better, more prosperous, more peaceful, more harmonious and more sustainable future for all peoples, Ramos was quoted as saying. Ramos said the potentials of the BIMP-EAGA were so great that even foreign local governments such as Australia’s Northern Territory and Western Australia states had joined the grouping as associates. Ramos said that during his administration, he tried to set up a corporation that would develop the BIMP-EAGA sub-region. The company is to be jointly run by Malaysia, the Sulu Sultanate’s heirs and private sector partners. The company’s revenue can substitute the annual RM5,300 as the rent to the sultanate’s heirs, Ramos said. In this respect, Roselan acknowledged Ramos’ role in the establisment of BIMP-EAGA, saying that the Former Philippines’ President was both vocal and wise when he initiated the BIMP-EAGA concept together with Malaysia’s former Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

INTERNATIONAL HRM Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

INTERNATIONAL HRM - Assignment Example As a result, the concept has evolved to be wider and more complex to be defined within limited words. It has also expanded its dimensions by covering cultural, political, technological and economical divergences in order to determine appropriate set of objectives and strategies in order to attain them. Therefore, HRM practices differ from one nation and geographical region to another. With this belief, the discussion of the paper will emphasise on identifying various dimensions of International HRM in the context of the US. The objective of the paper is to evaluate the impact of political, economical, social and technological factors existing on the HRM practices in the US. Moreover, the paper will critically evaluate and analyse two key areas of HRM in modern day phenomenon, i.e. training & development and performance appraisal applied by a US based multinational company, i.e. Walmart. 2.0. International HRM In recent years, the world has witnessed steep rise in international activi ties which forced the managerial dimension to cross the regional boundaries and enter the international market. For instance, evidences reveal that since the early 20th century, international trade and production operations have increased substantially. This forced national companies to expand their business in the global platform recognising them as Multinational Companies (MNCs). Consequently, there are also few challenges which are faced by MNCs while implementing their HRM practices in the international platform. However, managing dichotomous cultures and economic factors with efficiency is termed to be the most challenging tasks of International HRM (IHRM) (Tayeb, 2005). Similar set of challenges were also faced by the US based MNCs in their global operations. Studies reveal that during early period, most of the US based international companies witnessed failure in their global operations, especially in managing their human resources with efficacy due to lack of effectiveness i n the HRM policies. In other words, the companies were concerned in practicing similar kind of HRM policies in the international platform as it did in the national context, i.e. in the US. Consequently, the practices lacked affectivity and efficacy and thus faced the challenges in terms of expatriation (Ashamalla, 1998). In this context, numerous researches have been performed to identify the effect of global and local factors in determining the efficacy of IHRM practices by the US based international companies. Most of the researches stated that the IHRM practices and policies of the companies operating globally often tended to provided greater significance to the local factors without entirely ignoring the prospects of their parent companies. Evidences have also revealed that different factors existing in the external environment influences the IHRM practices. For instance, the IHRM practices and policies executed by the Japanese leaders globally tend to be highly focussed on the localised factors in terms of ‘corporate welfarism’, but in a tailored manner to adopt the changes present in the targeted market while training the expatriates. Likewise, the IHRM policies and practices implemented by the US subsidiaries tend to be based on developmental strategies to a large extent with a similar concern. Therefore, it becomes quite apparent that both the international and national factors influence the IHRM practices